While he was still praying, the angel Gabriel came to “understand the matter and consider the vision.” (23). Gabriel begins with the number 70. But rather than 70 years, it is 70 weeks!
25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
The first 70 weeks (490 days of the entire 2300) would bring in “Messiah the Prince.” The promised One, the Seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15), the Lamb of God (Genesis 22:8; Isaiah 53:7), would finally come!
But 70 weeks is not even two years. Surely prophetic time is a different kind of time. It is. Now, let’s examine The Jesus Prophecy of the 70 Weeks of Daniel 9.
From the Going Forth
70 weeks are determined upon the people or 490 days (“each day for a year” Numbers 14:34; “I have appointed you a day for a year” Ezekiel 4:6) or 490 years. Daniel 9:25. “From the going forth of the commandment to rebuild Jerusalem unto Messiah the Prince shall be 69 weeks” Daniel 9:26. Cyrus and then Darius issued decrees for the Jewish captives to return to Jerusalem. But it was the decree of Artexerxes in 457 BC as recorded in Ezra 7 in the Persian king’s seventh year that provided autonomy and self-rule to the Jews under the laws of Moses, and rebuilding the wall and temple from the royal treasury. 69 weeks of years later, one week short of 70 was 483 years after 457 BC.
70 weeks or 490 years is exactly 10 jubilees. Every seven years the land would rest, and after seven “land sabbaths” a second land rest on the 50th year marked the jubilee, when all land was returned to the original owners. The only known jubilee in the Bible was exactly 5 jubilees prior to 457 in 702 BC when Jerusalem was besieged by Assyria and king Hezekiah was given a sign: two years when no crops would be planted, two land sabbaths in a row.
“The street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.” Daniel 9:25 The wall was initially built in 49 years (7 weeks) which is how the time was specified: “seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks”. It was during this time that the Samaritans opposed the building and burnt the gates. Nehemiah received word of this and obtained permission to return to Jerusalem in 444 BC and rebuild the wall in 52 days. Nehemiah 6:15.
Unto Messiah the Prince
As the 69th week approached, many began to look for the coming of the prophesied Messiah. Wisemen came from the east to Jerusalem, saying, Where is He that is born King of the Jews for we have seen his star in the east” Matthew 2:1. Simeon waited for the “consolation of Israel and it was revealed to him that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ” Luke 2:25,26.
In 27 AD Jesus was baptized in the Jordan being “about 30 years of age” in the 15th year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar. Luke 3:1,23. Then Jesus “came into Galilee…saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand” Mark 1:14,15. It was the beginning of the 70th week, a sabbatical year, when captives were to be set free, and he land was to rest. Thus Jesus “as His custom was, went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and read…The Spirit of the Lord is upon me because He has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor, to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord” Luke 4:16-19. The year of the Messiah, the anointed One, the Lamb of God had finally arrived right in the midst of the 70th week.
“And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease” Daniel 9:27. In the midst of the last seven years, the Messiah would cause sacrifice and oblation to cease. Then “shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself” verse 26. The death of the Lamb of God brought to an end the shedding of animal blood. Hebrews 10:8,9.
For 3½ years Jesus taught, and preached, and healed, and then confirmed the covenant with his own blood. And He said, “This is my blood of the new covenant which is shed for many” Matthew 26:28. Then for an additional 3½ years the disciples confirmed his death and resurrection to all in Jerusalem. His “great salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard” Hebrews 2:3.
Exactly in the middle of the 70th week, Jesus was crucified at the very time of the morning sacrifice (the third hour. Mark 15:25), and precisely at the time of the evening sacrifice he died (the ninth hour Matthew 27:46,50). The vail of the temple was torn from top to bottom, and there was a great earthquake. And those who witnessed it said, “Surely, this was the Son of God.”
Determined Upon Thy People
In 34 AD, at the end of the 490 years, the 70 weeks, the final rejection was made. The time determined upon the Jewish people had come to an end. They rejected Jesus as the Son of God and crucified him. Now they rejected the testimony of Stephen who saw “Jesus standing on the right hand of God” Acts 7:55. It was a time of judgment. “The Lord stands up to plead, and stands to judge the people” Isaiah 3:13. When Jesus stands it’s time to judge.
It was time for the gospel to go to the Gentiles. Paul met Jesus on the road to Damascus in pursuit of Christians and was converted on the spot. “Straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues that He is the Son of God” Acts 9:20. When the Jews spoke against him, “contradicting and blaspheming” He said, “It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing you put it from you, and judge your-selves unworthy of everlasting life, we turn to the Gentiles.” Acts 13:45,46.
Jesus now ministers as our High Priest in heaven before His Father (Hebrews 4:15; 8:1; Rev 5:6). For more information see "Your High Priest." Someday soon He will stand up again (Daniel 12:1) and he will say, “the time is at hand. He that is unjust, let him be unjust still…He that is righteous, let him be righteous still” Revelation 22:10,11. Watch! Jesus said, For you know not what hour your Lord shall come. But now that the 2300 years are fulfilled, we know that His coming is near, “even at the doors.” Matthew 24.
Antichrist The Jesus Prophecy The Jesus Day Death of the Cross Our High Priest